Study of Spacecraft Constrution Technology

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Our spacecraft, the Sputnik V spacecraft launched by the Russian Federal Research Corporation (Riga) on August 4, 1957, has successfully splashed down in the Sea of Kazakhstan into the Pacific Ocean over 50 to 60 miles beneath Earth’s surface. During this journey, it will fly through an orbit around the planet and return to Earth on the 20th of August 2021, after orbiting for over seven months. The first satellite sent into orbit was a scientific mission with NASA’s Apollo missions, launched in 1964. This was the launch of the U.S.

One of the main advantages of these two satellites, which both had different types of orbits around our planet, is that they could collect a variety of samples and monitor how the environment and its living things change and adapt to their new environments. Therefore each one of them could be used as a test facility for the changes in the environment of the planet Earth.

In order to make sure these spacecraft would not break, it was decided to put all of them together into a single unit, called the S-IVB, or Solar Impulse Orbiter and Infrared Background Experiment, aka Sputnik 2. Also, it was decided that the objects to be studied by this spacecraft were the Earth’s atmosphere, landforms, and the upper layer of water ice. These are three layers of the Earth’s physical environment. It is also important to know that Sputnik 2 wasn’t just made to study human impacts on the environment.

The reason for choosing this particular part of the world and the time period to conduct research was because, during the times of the USSR, there was often political strife, unrest, and disagreement between people who shared the same opinion. So the idea of such a mission was more than likely inspired by the Soviet Union and the fear of its ability to use weapons against any form of opposition.

The reason why this mission was chosen was that it seemed like an important step towards global peace, and it was thought that this sort of satellite technology could help us understand and better control international relations. Although the Sputnik spacecraft wasn’t as advanced as the previous ones, its mission was still important due to its age and the fact that it was coming from a completely different region than other satellite photos being taken before it.

This satellite was also not only built for scientific purposes. Instead of observing the current state of land development, it was designed to observe what will happen when humans and their creations become extinct, and to anticipate where we may go with future technology and resources. In addition to the current technological superiority, the fact that every country in the entire world wants to become a superpower was seen as quite interesting.

The Sputnik 2 satellite was made to look back at the past and present. After years and decades spent near the edges of space, it now looked forward, like a child watching everything on his phone, and was ready to do anything. That was when the most important thing was revealed.

It seemed that humanity might have found another source of hope. A way of seeing the future and anticipating what it should bring. With it being so far away, nobody really even knew if anyone could predict how long it would take before it arrived and if it wouldn’t be safe or reliable enough to be sent into orbit, nor what kind of information it would carry. However, there was some optimism among those who worked out that this satellite could give us answers to some questions. And soon, the S-IVB was expected to return to earth from the sea of space in mid-2021.

The history and fate of Sputnik 2

The S-IVB satellite was named after the Soviet cosmonaut Sergey Ryzhikov (1902–1985) but was later renamed after the scientist who contributed to its construction, Konstantin Zhukovsky, in honor of whom it stands today. Spacecraft was created during the Cold War when mankind was afraid of nuclear weapons. To achieve peace and cooperation, therefore, America and Russia had been negotiating since the 1960s about sending their satellites into orbit and using them to monitor changes and developments in the overall balance of power in the world arena.

The first Sputnik satellite was launched on October 31, 1957, but it only carried 1 kilogram of dry, liquid hydrogen and oxygen. It was planned to send two more sputnik satellites within six weeks (but this never happened). When the second Sputnik satellite failed to arrive, the Russians started arguing again. They tried to construct a special type of satellite, a ‘satellite for national defense, but it was still never delivered. At one point, Sputnik had almost 800 kilos of fuel, and as a result, there were rumors that the spacecraft was going to explode. This rumor didn’t prove true. Despite this, Sputnik 2 was able to remain intact when released into space, and it performed well throughout the whole journey and did not fail. By May 1958, there were only 7 Sputnik satellites left.

After a number of successful launches, the last satellite launched in September 1958 and was carrying 2 kilograms of lunar soil sample. As expected, the object was too small to survive the shock of reentry and eventually disintegrated. Only around 4 tons of debris fell to Earth from the spacecraft, and only 5 tons of this were valuable in a scientific sense.

During space-flight, spacecraft are subjected to extreme conditions, heat, pressure, carbon emissions, radiation, and other characteristics of the atmosphere that can affect various parts of the vehicle during flight and afterward. Due to these characteristics, the spacecraft is known as highly susceptible to damage. There have been numerous examples of failure or mishap in the field of science before; such as the explosion aboard Skylab in 1961 and the accident on the International Space Station in 2003.


Since the beginning of space exploration and first-generation artificial satellites, it began to seem inevitable that many spacecraft would break apart over time due to a combination of gravity, friction, etc., and would ultimately fail. As time went on, various technologies appeared, including orbital corrections and the creation of new missions. Over the course of several decades of technological advancement, a lot of spacecraft were actually dismantled, repaired, or replaced, and returned to Earth with something new and better than the original component. Such was the case with the Sputnik 2 probe, which successfully returned to Earth without breaking and providing us with its share of knowledge. And just one piece of equipment could tell us much about what life and society will be like once humankind departs the Earth entirely for a long, unknown walk into a distant galaxy.

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